The elastic behavior of a hexagonal close-packed (HCP) single crystal for a metal is anisotropic, meaning that the stiffness of the material depends on the direction of loading. This Demonstration illustrates the elastic anisotropy of 24 HCP metals when undergoing uniaxial stress, as shown in the 3D plot (left). This shows the variation of the elastic modulus
(in GPa) as a function of direction. For reference, the
axis of the plot is parallel to the
axis of the HCP unit cell, and the
axis is parallel to the
direction of the HCP unit cell. The 2D plot (right) shows the elastic modulus on the
plane. The anisotropy factor is determined by
are compliance constants of the selected material.