The following second-order nonlinear differential equation models a bungee jump:
Here is the position of the jumper at time , is the mass of the jumper, is the gravitational constant, and is the damping coefficient due to air resistance.
A bungee cord acts like a spring when stretched, but it has no restoring force when "compressed". The restoring force of the bungee cord is thus modeled as follows: if , and if , where is the spring constant of the bungee cord.
With " and " selected, the Demonstration shows the position and the acceleration of the jumper at time . The dashed line shows the equilibrium solution, that is, the position of the jumper at the end of the jump. The natural length of the bungee cord is 100 ft, and the jump starts at a height of 100 ft.
You can change the weight of the jumper, the damping coefficient , and the spring constant of the bungee cord.