Snapshot 1: dataset 1 and corresponding curve after manually adjusting the parameters for successful completion of the regression using the

Automatic method (five-parameter model where

is to be fitted)

Snapshot 2: dataset 1 and corresponding curve after successful completion of the regression using the

Automatic method (five-parameter model where

is to be fitted)

Snapshot 3: dataset 6 and corresponding curve after manually adjusting the parameters resulting in unsuccessful completion of the regression using the

Gradient method (four-parameter model where

is fixed)

Snapshot 4: dataset 6 and corresponding curve after manually adjusting the parameters for successful completion of the regression using the

Gradient method (four-parameter model where

is fixed)

Snapshot 5: dataset 6 and corresponding curve after successful completion of the regression using the

Gradient method (four-parameter model where

is fixed)

This Demonstration shows how scattered peaked data can be successfully fitted by nonlinear regression by finding initial guesses close enough to the parameters' actual values to yield a successful fit. You may choose any one of eight datasets and then attempt to match its plotted points with a curve using the model parameters’ sliders. The fitting model serving as an example is in the form of a double-stretched exponential

where

>

. A setter bar is first used to choose between a four-parameter version of the model where

is fixed as a constant and

,

,

, and

are adjustable parameters, and a five-parameter version where

is also an adjustable parameter.

To start the procedure, select a dataset and click the "fit and plot" button. With the method set to

Automatic the regression will fail with the default parameter values, and the message "Fit failed!" will be displayed in red above the plot. By adjusting the parameters’ sliders—always start by moving the

slider until the curve passes through the first data point—try to match the curve to the data points and click on the "fit and plot" button again until successful, in which case the regression correlation coefficient,

, will be displayed in blue above the plot and the fitted parameter values will be shown to its left. Another option after failure is to change the method to

Gradient. For these models and data sets the

Gradient method is more likely to give a successful fit than

Automatic. If both methods yield a successful fit, you should prefer the one giving the highest

value. Additional controls let you change the regression's

AccuracyGoal and

PrecisionGoal.

After a successful fit, changing any control will erase the displayed

and parameter values and signal that you are ready for a new fit attempt using the current slider settings as the parameters' initial values. To set the parameter sliders to the most recently fitted values, click the "set initial to fitted parameters" button. Click the "reset to default parameters" button to return the sliders to the original default parameter values.

An example of using this procedure with real experimental data can be found in [1].

[1] M. G. Corradini, M. D. Normand, M. Eisenberg, and M. Peleg, "Evaluation of a Stochastic Inactivation Model for Heat-Activated Spores of

*Bacillus spp.*,"

*Applied & Environmental Microbiology,* **76**, 2010 pp. 4402–4412.