11348

Compression Ratio of Spheres in a Curved Tube

This Demonstration determines the optimal packing for spheres in a curved tube. Spheres of radius are packed in a tube of radius , where , with a bend of radius . We seek the minimum value of the compression ratio. For small ratios , the spheres are in contact with the outside wall. For larger , optimal compression is attained by arranging the spheres in a zigzag pattern parallel to the axis of curvature along the tube centerline.

SNAPSHOTS

  • [Snapshot]
  • [Snapshot]
  • [Snapshot]

DETAILS

Inside a bend, the spheres arrange themselves so as to minimize the compression ratio; they are all either in contact with the outer wall of the tube or in a zigzag pattern parallel to the axis of curvature along the tube centerline.
If the spheres are centered in the tube, the angular separation between successive spheres is
.
When the spheres are all flush with the outer wall of the tubing, the angle is
,
and the compression ratio is
.
For the zigzag pattern, the angle is
,
and the compression ratio is
.
The transition point occurs when
.
    • Share:

Embed Interactive Demonstration New!

Just copy and paste this snippet of JavaScript code into your website or blog to put the live Demonstration on your site. More details »

Files require Wolfram CDF Player or Mathematica.









 
RELATED RESOURCES
Mathematica »
The #1 tool for creating Demonstrations
and anything technical.
Wolfram|Alpha »
Explore anything with the first
computational knowledge engine.
MathWorld »
The web's most extensive
mathematics resource.
Course Assistant Apps »
An app for every course—
right in the palm of your hand.
Wolfram Blog »
Read our views on math,
science, and technology.
Computable Document Format »
The format that makes Demonstrations
(and any information) easy to share and
interact with.
STEM Initiative »
Programs & resources for
educators, schools & students.
Computerbasedmath.org »
Join the initiative for modernizing
math education.
Step-by-Step Solutions »
Walk through homework problems one step at a time, with hints to help along the way.
Wolfram Problem Generator »
Unlimited random practice problems and answers with built-in step-by-step solutions. Practice online or make a printable study sheet.
Wolfram Language »
Knowledge-based programming for everyone.
Powered by Wolfram Mathematica © 2017 Wolfram Demonstrations Project & Contributors  |  Terms of Use  |  Privacy Policy  |  RSS Give us your feedback
Note: To run this Demonstration you need Mathematica 7+ or the free Mathematica Player 7EX
Download or upgrade to Mathematica Player 7EX
I already have Mathematica Player or Mathematica 7+