Contour Plots for Reaction Rates

Requires a Wolfram Notebook System

Interact on desktop, mobile and cloud with the free Wolfram CDF Player or other Wolfram Language products.

Requires a Wolfram Notebook System

Edit on desktop, mobile and cloud with any Wolfram Language product.

Consider a reversible reaction with the reaction rate and the equilibrium constant given by:




where is the conversion fraction, is the inlet concentration (taken to be 10 moles/liter), is the universal gas constant (1.987 cal/mol K), and is the temperature (in kelvin).

Use the sliders to vary the activation energies for the forward () and reverse () reactions. Both of these activation energies are expressed in cal/mol.

This Demonstration plots the contour lines for the reaction rate either for exothermic reactions or for endothermic reactions . The equilibrium conversion is plotted versus the temperature (see the black curve, for which we have ). It can be easily shown that . Thus, for endothermic reactions, and , so and will increase monotonically with if you move along a horizontal line (i.e. at a constant conversion fraction). On the other hand, for exothermic reactions we have , thus we have along a horizontal line (i.e. at a constant value of ): (1) at low temperature and ; and (2) at higher temperature and . In conclusion, for an exothermic reaction, the reaction rate initially increases with increasing , reaches a maximum value when , then starts to decrease until it reaches the equilibrium conversion curve where . The loci of the points where are indicated by the gray dots and curve.


Contributed by: Housam Binous and Ahmed Bellagi (January 2017)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA



Feedback (field required)
Email (field required) Name
Occupation Organization
Note: Your message & contact information may be shared with the author of any specific Demonstration for which you give feedback.