# Discrete Fourier Transform of a Two-Tone Signal

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A two-tone signal is the sum of two sine waves plus a noise signal. One sine wave has the frequency 770 Hz and the amplitude 1. The frequency and the amplitude of the second sine wave as well as the noise amplitude are controlled by the sliders.

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Contributed by: Carsten Roppel (March 2011)

Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA

## Snapshots

## Details

The discrete-time two-tone signal is

,

where , , and is generated from a uniform distribution in the range to . You control the parameters , , and with the sliders. The -point DFT of the signal is

.

The spectrum plot shows . The factor results in a spectral line of height 1 for a sine wave of amplitude 1 if the sampling interval is an integer multiple of the sine frequency.

If a window function is applied, the signal is multiplied by before the DFT is calculated. The Hanning window is

,

and the Blackman window is

.

## Permanent Citation