Electrical Conductivity of Silicon Semiconductors

This Demonstration shows the charge carrier concentration in silicon (Si) and doped Si (n- and p-types) as a function of temperature and dopant concentration. The corresponding electron band configurations are shown to the right of the plot. Phosphorous doping creates n-type Si, while boron doping creates p-type Si.


  • [Snapshot]
  • [Snapshot]
  • [Snapshot]


The intrinsic carrier concentration () is:
where is the effective density of states (), is the energy gap (eV), is Boltzmann's constant (eV/K), is temperature (K), and is the effective density of states at 300 K.
The carrier concentration for pure silicon () is:
The carrier concentration for doped silicon () is:
where is the atomic concentration of dopant atoms, is the activation energy for the electron of a dopant atom, and is the ideal gas constant.
All carrier concentration are in units of .
    • Share:

Embed Interactive Demonstration New!

Just copy and paste this snippet of JavaScript code into your website or blog to put the live Demonstration on your site. More details »

Files require Wolfram CDF Player or Mathematica.

Mathematica »
The #1 tool for creating Demonstrations
and anything technical.
Wolfram|Alpha »
Explore anything with the first
computational knowledge engine.
MathWorld »
The web's most extensive
mathematics resource.
Course Assistant Apps »
An app for every course—
right in the palm of your hand.
Wolfram Blog »
Read our views on math,
science, and technology.
Computable Document Format »
The format that makes Demonstrations
(and any information) easy to share and
interact with.
STEM Initiative »
Programs & resources for
educators, schools & students.
Computerbasedmath.org »
Join the initiative for modernizing
math education.
Step-by-Step Solutions »
Walk through homework problems one step at a time, with hints to help along the way.
Wolfram Problem Generator »
Unlimited random practice problems and answers with built-in step-by-step solutions. Practice online or make a printable study sheet.
Wolfram Language »
Knowledge-based programming for everyone.
Powered by Wolfram Mathematica © 2018 Wolfram Demonstrations Project & Contributors  |  Terms of Use  |  Privacy Policy  |  RSS Give us your feedback
Note: To run this Demonstration you need Mathematica 7+ or the free Mathematica Player 7EX
Download or upgrade to Mathematica Player 7EX
I already have Mathematica Player or Mathematica 7+