Harmonic Oscillator Wavefunctions

Requires a Wolfram Notebook System

Interact on desktop, mobile and cloud with the free Wolfram CDF Player or other Wolfram Language products.

Requires a Wolfram Notebook System

Edit on desktop, mobile and cloud with any Wolfram Language product.

The wavefunction for the state for a harmonic oscillator is computed by applying the raising operator times to the ground state. The expectation values of the dimensionless position and momentum operators raised to powers are also computed. The button allows you to toggle between the expectation values for the position operator and expectation values for the momentum operator.

Contributed by: Richard Gass (March 2011)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA


Snapshots


Details

Excited states of the harmonic oscillator can be computed by applying the raising operator to the ground state wavefunction . Applying the raising operator times gives an unnormalized . The wavefunction can be normalized by dividing by . One can also define a lowering operator . The position and momentum operator can be expressed in terms of and as and . The variable is dimensionless and is related to the physical distance by where is the mass of the oscillator and is the angular frequency.



Feedback (field required)
Email (field required) Name
Occupation Organization
Note: Your message & contact information may be shared with the author of any specific Demonstration for which you give feedback.
Send