Knopp's Osgood Curve Construction

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Starting with a triangle, remove a triangle-shaped region in such a way that two triangles remain, where the ratio of the removed triangle area to the original triangle area is . Repeating the process on the two remaining triangles—removing a proportion of area from each—creates four triangles, and further repetitions double the number of remaining triangles. By carefully choosing the proportions of areas removed , you can generate a set of points with any desired Lebesgue measure between 0 and 1. The construction is due to Knopp, a refinement of previous attempts by Sierpinski and Osgood.

Contributed by: Robert Dickau (March 2011)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA