Roots of the Derivatives of a Certain Real Polynomial in the Complex Plane

Requires a Wolfram Notebook System

Interact on desktop, mobile and cloud with the free Wolfram CDF Player or other Wolfram Language products.

Requires a Wolfram Notebook System

Edit on desktop, mobile and cloud with any Wolfram Language product.

With and real, is a real polynomial with three roots: and . This Demonstration shows the roots of , , …, . Each of these derivatives has at most two nonreal roots (depending on the value of the real root ). As varies over the reals, these nonreal roots trace out ellipses in the complex plane. The nonreal roots of the first derivative lie on a circle, while those of the higher derivatives lie on successively narrower ellipses. Set the value of , and slide along the real line to see the roots of the derivatives move in real time.

Contributed by: Liza Lawson and Bruce Torrence (March 2011)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA


Snapshots


Details

This problem came out of an undergraduate research project conducted at Randolph-Macon College in 2006. The ellipse associated with the derivative has semimajor axis and semiminor axis . Further investigation showed that these results could be generalized to a broader class of polynomials. These results have been submitted for publication in the Pi Mu Epsilon Journal. The interested reader might also enjoy the article "Roots of polynomials and their derivatives," by Bruce Torrence. It appeared in Mathematica in Education and Research (10) 2, 2005, pp. 71-80.



Feedback (field required)
Email (field required) Name
Occupation Organization
Note: Your message & contact information may be shared with the author of any specific Demonstration for which you give feedback.
Send