9853

Sum of Volumes of Several Platonic and Archimedean Solids

This Demonstration calculates the exact volumes of some rhombic, Platonic, and Archimedean solids using the exact coordinates of these solids. The length of an edge of a rhombic solid is , where is the golden ratio. The edge length of the other solids is . The volumes of some combinations (disjoint unions), for instance of the icosahedron, the dodecahedron, and the icosidodecahedron, are an integral linear combination of the volumes of the prolate golden rhombohedron (PR) and of the oblate golden rhombohedron. This does not mean that such a combination can be dissected into a cube, but the combination of the icosahedron, the dodecahedron, and the icosidodecahedron has a Dehn invariant 0, so by Sydler's theorem it is possible to dissect the combination to form a cube [1]. In fact this set of solids is equidecomposable with the set consisting of the triacontahedron, the hexecontahedron, and 120-hedron. Select these sets and verify that the corresponding volumes are equal.

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It was proved [1] that it is possible to dissect the icosahedron, dodecahedron, and icosidodecahedron into finitely many pieces that can be reassembled to form a large cube. The authors of [1, p. 331] produced the table of the Dehn invariant for the non-snub unit edge Archimedean polyhedra.
From that table, the following combinations with sum 0 exist.
truncated icosidodecahedron (great rhombicosidodecahedron)
icosahedron + truncated dodecahedron
dodecahedron + truncated icosahedron
icosahedron + dodecahedron + icosidodecahedron
icosidodecahedron + rhombicosidodecahedron
truncated icosahedron + truncated dodecahedron + rhombicosidodecahedron
Reference
[1] J. H. Conway, C. Radin, and L. Sadun, "On Angles Whose Squared Trigonometric Functions Are Rational," Discrete & Computational Geometry, 22(3), 1999 pp. 321–332. doi:10.1007/PL00009463.
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