# Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium for an Ethanol-Water Mixture

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Consider a binary mixture of ethanol and water. Vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) data can be computed using the modified Raoult's law: , where is the vapor pressure, is the total pressure, and are the liquid and vapor phase mole fractions of the light component (i.e., ethanol) when , and finally, is the activity coefficient. You can vary the pressure to any value between and (i.e., low to moderate pressure so that the ideal gas-phase assumption holds). You can choose among five activity coefficient models (i.e., van Laar, NRTL, Wilson, Margules, or UNIQUAC). The Demonstration plots the isobaric vapor-liquid equilibrium diagram as well as the equilibrium curve. You can check that all models used to predict activity coefficients give similar results (i.e., a minimum boiling or positive azeotrope at ).

Contributed by: Housam Binous, Mamdouh Al-Harthi, and Brian G. Higgins (December 2011)

Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA

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