Argentometric Titration by Precipitation of Silver Salts

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Argentometric titrations are based on the use of silver cation as a precipitating agent. The objective here is to do a simple titration by precipitation and to use the titration curve to determine the solubility constant of AgI. The reaction considered is . In this Demonstration, you can change the initial concentration of , the volume of added, and the solubility product to see the changes in the titration curve.

Contributed by: Quang-Dao Trinh (March 2011)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA



The following shows how to determine the solubility constant of the precipitation reaction.

With the volume of (in mL) added to the solution of at the unknown initial solution , we have the following results:

Here (in mL) is the volume of the solution of .

(in mol/L) is the unknown concentration of that we need to find.

(in mol/L) is the known concentration of .

(in mL) is the volume of used to reach equilibrium with .

The concentration of is then deduced by the potential of the couple /Ag. When , the potential measured depends on the concentration of in the solution:


When , we have ; then . One can use the potential at the equilibrium to calculate the solubility constant .


When , :


The change of potential near the equivalence point can be used to determine the equilibrium volume . Then the unknown concentration can be calculated using (mol/L).

This Demonstration is based on the electrochemistry course (Cours LC102) for first-year students at University Pierre Marie Curie (Paris).

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