Bertrand's Box Paradox
Consider three boxes. Box 1 contains two gold coins, box 2 contains two silver coins, and box 3 contains one gold and one silver coin. A box is chosen at random and then the coins in that box are chosen one at a time. Suppose that the first coin is gold. What is the probability that the second coin is also gold?[more]
On the one hand, since the box chosen must be 1 or 3, it would seem that the next coin is either gold or silver with probability 1/2 for each.
On the other hand, it is more likely that the first gold coin comes from box 1 than box 3, leading to the probability 2/3 .
Which is it?[less]
 Wikipedia. "Bertrand's Box Paradox." (Jan 20, 2017) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertrand's_box _paradox.
"Bertrand's Box Paradox"
Wolfram Demonstrations Project
Published: January 23 2017