Dynamic Behavior of an Addition Polymerization in a Batch Reactor
An activated monomer is obtained by the reaction .[more]
Higher molecular weight polymers are obtained by the reaction .
This Demonstration solves the system of second-order rate equations for user-set values of the activation rate constant, , and the polymerization rate constant, .
In addition, the monomer and polymers concentrations, up to , are plotted versus time.
The mass balance equations are
, for ,
You can easily see by looking at the equations that is a decreasing function of time. Thus, after a certain time and all species reach a steady-state value because the polymerization reactions will stop when the monomer is exhausted.[less]
S. M. Walas, Chemical Reaction Engineering Handbook of Solved Problems, New York: Gordon and Breach Publishers, 1995 pp. 286–287.