# Edwards's Solution of Pendulum Oscillation

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The masterful derivation by Harold Edwards [1] finally brings the vision of Abel to the wider audience it deserves. The article describes a constructive approach for improving computations along elliptic curves. The new and simple addition rules of [1, Part II] have been widely appreciated, while the calculus of [1, Part III] remains underutilized. As with the much earlier Weierstrass function, the Edwards function determines time-dependent solutions for a range of interesting Hamiltonian systems [2]. This Demonstration shows three interrelated examples, including one that describes the oscillation of a plane pendulum. Edwards function is truly an amazing and beautiful, doubly-periodic, meromorphic function!

Contributed by: Brad Klee (March 2018)

Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA

## Details

For precision and accuracy tests, see commented code above. For an in-depth derivation of the solution, see [2].

References

[1] H. M. Edwards, "A Normal Form for Elliptic Curves," *Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society*, 44, 2007 pp. 393–422. doi:10.1090/S0273-0979-07-01153-6.

[2] B. Klee, "An Alternative Theory of Simple Pendulum Libration", https://github.com/bradklee.

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## Permanent Citation