Joukowski Airfoil: Flow Field
Potential flow over a Joukowski airfoil is one of the classical problems of aerodynamics. This Demonstration plots the flow field by using complex analysis to map the simple known solution for potential flow over a circle to flow over an airfoil shape. The map is the Joukowski transformation , with the circle centered at passing through . You can vary the parameters and . The inverse Joukowski transformation then gives the streamlines. The pressure field is shown using a color-coded density plot of the pressure coefficient.
Details of potential flow over a Joukowski airfoil and the background material needed to understand this problem are discussed in a collection of documents (CDF files) available at .
Snapshot 1: thick symmetric airfoil at moderate angle of attack
Snapshot 2: thin cambered airfoil at moderate angle of attack
Snapshot 3: thick cambered airfoil at high angle of attack; potential flow gives no information about when separation occurs
 R. L. Fearn. "Two-Dimensional Potential-Flow Aerodynamics." (Dec 15, 2016) plaza.ufl.edu/rlf/Richard L. Fearn.