Location of the Zeros of a Polynomial with Positive Ordered Coefficients

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This Demonstration shows the location of the zeros of a polynomial of degree seven with positive coefficients. When the coefficients are ordered , the Eneström–Kakeya theorem states that the zeros (red points) lie in the unit circle, represented by the black circle centered in the origin. Furthermore, regardless of the order of the coefficients, the zeros lie in the ring , where and , represented by the blue circles centered in the origin.


The ring area is bigger than the unit circle area, so the inner circle and the unit circle give a better ring than using the outer circle.


Contributed by: Vanessa Botta and Evanize Rodrigues Castro (June 2013)
(supported by FAPESP - Grant 2012/08248-9)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA




[1] G. V. Milovanovic, D. S. Mitrinovic, and Th. M. Rassias, Topics in Polynomials: Extremal Problems, Inequalities, Zeros, Singapore: World Scientific, 1994.

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