Maximizing Selectivity in the Trambouze Reactions
This Demonstration shows the start-up of a CSTR (continuous stirred-tank reactor) under conditions that maximize the selectivity of a desired product in a parallel reactions scheme.[more]
Consider the following reactions taking place in a CSTR: species decomposes by three simultaneous reactions to form three products—one desired, , and two undesired, , and ,
These are called the Trambouze reactions . Here and with and are the reaction rates and rate constants, respectively, and is the concentration of species .
The selectivity of species is given by the ratio ,
the reactor residence time is , the CSTR is operated at an effluent concentration of species , , that maximizes the selectivity of the desired product , the feed stream contains only species at a concentration equal to 1, and the initial concentrations of species , , and are taken equal to zero, with . The optimum effluent concentration of reactant , , and the time plot of the reactor start-up are shown for values of time and that are set by the user.[less]
 H. S. Fogler, Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, 4th ed., Westford, MA: Prentice Hall, 2005.