Cycloidal Path of a Charged Particle in Uniform Perpendicular Electric and Magnetic Fields
A charged particle beginning at rest in uniform perpendicular electric and magnetic fields will follow the path of a cycloid. Initially, the particle has zero speed and therefore does not experience a magnetic force. It accelerates in the direction of the electric field, its increasing velocity causing it to circle around the magnetic field lines, which are always perpendicular to its motion. The particle eventually begins to move against the electric field, decreasing its speed and eventually bringing it to rest, whereupon the entire cycle repeats itself. The sum of the particle's kinetic energy and electric potential energy (which changes linearly with the component) remains constant throughout the process, as a consequence of energy conservation.