Pseudorandom Number Sampling with the Box-Muller Transform

The Box–Muller transform is a pseudorandom number sampling method for generating pairs of independent and normally distributed random numbers from uniformly distributed ones. See [1] for more details.

[1] G. E. P. Box and M. E. Muller, "A Note on the Generation of Random Normal Deviates," The Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 29(2), 1958 pp. 610–611.