The Lorenz Curve and Various Economic Indices

The Lorenz curve is a plot of the cumulative share of the income earned by the cumulative share of the population, with population ordered from lowest to highest incomes. The Gini coefficient is the area between the line of perfect equality and the Lorenz curve divided by the total area under the line of perfect equality, with 0 representing perfect equality and 1 representing perfect inequality. The Hoover index is the portion of income that would need to be redistributed to achieve perfect equality. The Theil index is an entropy index that can be viewed as a measure of redundancy; it is the weighted average of inequality within subgroups and, unlike the Gini coefficient, can be decomposed to view the individual Theil index of subgroups.
Use the sliders in this Demonstration to set the total population and total income of three subgroups in a society, where a subgroup is defined as a section of a society composed of individuals with similar incomes; these values can be regarded as weights rather than actual numerical values.


  • [Snapshot]
  • [Snapshot]
  • [Snapshot]


Special thanks to the NetMath Program at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the Math Department at Schaumburg High School.
[1] P. D. Allison, "Measures of Inequality," American Sociological Review, 43(6), 1978 pp. 865–880.
    • Share:

Embed Interactive Demonstration New!

Just copy and paste this snippet of JavaScript code into your website or blog to put the live Demonstration on your site. More details »

Files require Wolfram CDF Player or Mathematica.