Map Coloring on a Torus
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Heawood proved that seven colors are sufficient to color a map on the surface of a torus so that no two bordering areas share the same color.[more]
A torus can be constructed by stretching a square until the two pairs of opposite edges can be glued together. Each map used in this Demonstration is a square pattern whose top and bottom match and whose left and right edges match.[less]
Contributed by: Erik Mahieu (July 2012)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA
The hex pattern used in this Demonstration was adapted from .
The tile pattern used is based on .
For an extensive study about map coloring on a torus, see .
For a different pattern used for seven-coloring a torus, see .
 Wikipedia. "Heawood Conjecture." (Jul 17, 2012) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heawood_conjecture.
 Wikipedia. "Torus with Seven Colors." (Jul 17, 2010) commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Torus_with _seven _colours.svg.
 John Leech, "Seven Region Maps on a Torus," The Mathematical Gazette, 39(328), 1955 pp. 102–105. www.jstor.org/stable/3609970.
 Izidor Hafner. "Seven-Coloring of a Torus" from the Wolfram Demonstrations Project—A Wolfram Web Resource. demonstrations.wolfram.com/SevenColoringOfATorus.
"Map Coloring on a Torus"
Wolfram Demonstrations Project
Published: July 18 2012