The Powers Of Presidents and Prime Ministers

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Raise well‐known presidents and prime ministers to fractional, integer, and even complex powers.


More concretely, apply the power function to the coordinates of parametric curves that form sketches of those people.


Contributed by: Michael Trott (July 2013)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA



Wolfram|Alpha provides closed form parametrizations for a large variety of people and fictional characters in the form of parametric curves, which can be easily plotted.

Plotting powers (such as square roots and cubes) of the curves give deformations of the original curves that look like political cartoons.

For more details of the construction, see [1]. For more curves, see [2], [3], and [4].


[1] M. Trott, "Using Formulas… for Everything—From a Complex Analysis Class to Political Cartoons to Music Album Covers," Wolfram|Alpha Blog (blog). (Jun 10, 2013)

[2] Wolfram|Alpha. "Fun Curves." (Jun 19, 2013)

[3] Wolfram|Alpha. "People Curves." (Jun 19, 2013)

[4] Wolfram|Alpha. "Fictional Character Curves." (Jun 19, 2013)

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