Definitions of Hill's Tetrahedra

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This Demonstration gives definitions of Hill's tetrahedra.

Contributed by: Izidor Hafner (March 2011)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA


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Let ABC be an equilateral triangle and let the red lines be normals to the plane of the triangle. Let 1, 2, 3, and 4 be points on the normals at heights , , , . Then the tetrahedron with vertices 1, 2, 3, 4 is Hill's tetrahedron of type 1.

Let the points 5 and 6 be the midpoints of the segments 23 and 14. Then the straight line 56 is the axis of symmetry of the tetrahedron.

The tetrahedron with vertices 1, 2, 3, 6 is Hill's tetrahedron of type 2. Hill's tetrahedron of type 1 consists of two congruent Hill's tetrahedra of type 2.

The tetrahedron with vertices 1, 2, 4, 5 is Hill's tetrahedron of type 3. Hill's tetrahedron of type 1 consists of two congruent Hill's tetrahedra of type 3.

V. G. Boltyanskii, Tretja Problema Hilberta, Moscow: Nauka, 1977. Translated by R. A. Silverman as Hilbert's Third Problem (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978).



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