# Ellipse Rolling inside a Circle

Requires a Wolfram Notebook System

Interact on desktop, mobile and cloud with the free Wolfram Player or other Wolfram Language products.

This Demonstration draws the roulette of a generator point on an ellipse that rolls without slipping inside a circle.

[more]
Contributed by: Erik Mahieu (July 2014)

Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA

## Snapshots

## Details

With the ellipse in its initial position on the right inside the central circle, define two points:

1. The point on the circle is at an arclength from its intersection with the positive axis.

2. The point on the ellipse is at an arclength from the intersection with its semimajor axis.

Also define two angles:

3. is the angle subtending an arc of length on the circle.

4. is the angle between the tangent line on the ellipse at and the axis.

Increasing rolls the ellipse inside the circle by means of two geometric transformations on points on the ellipse, performed by the *Mathematica* function transfoEI(ϕ,{x,y},e,a), which consists of a translation by the vector and a rotation around through the angle .

In order for the ellipse to roll inside the central circle, the maximum radius of curvature of the ellipse, , must be smaller than the radius of the circle, equal to 1. This limits the eccentricity: .

## Permanent Citation