Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE) Synthesis with a Reactive Distillation Unit

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This Demonstration simulates a reactive distillation column that produces methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE).

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The column is fed with a vapor mixture composed of 66.66% mole of -butane (an inert component) and 33.33% mole of iso-butene and a liquid composed of pure methanol. Both feeds are introduced at stage 9. The reactive stages range from 3 to 9. The column has 16 stages, a partial reboiler, and a total condenser. The reaction taking place is the following: iso-butene + methanol ⇌ MTBE.

For low Damköhler numbers (with molar hold-up equalling zero), no MTBE is formed and the only species present in the column are -butane, iso-butene, and methanol (see first snapshot).

At moderate Damköhler numbers, we get low conversions (see second snapshot).

Finally, at high Damköhler numbers, we get almost pure MTBE as a bottom and a mixture mainly composed of -butane (88 mole %); this composition is close to the binary nonreactive azeotrope between methanol and -butane (labelled Az in the ternary diagram).

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Contributed by: Housam Binous, Manel Selmi, Ines Wada, Selima Allouche and Ahmed Bellagi (March 2011)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA


Snapshots


Details

F. Chen, R. S. Huss, M. F. Malone, and M. F. Doherty, "Simulation of Kinetic Effects in Reactive Distillation," Computers and Chemical Engineering, 24(11), 2000 pp. 2457–2472.



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