Genetic engineering has many applications in medicine, agriculture, environmental conservation and other areas. Genetic transformation is the process of incorporating a gene into an organism; it is an essential process in genetic engineering, specifically for the development of biomedical devices, pharmaceuticals or agricultural biotechnology. Use this Demonstration to learn the four main steps of genetic transformation.
This was a project for Advanced Topics in Mathematics II, 2016–2017, Torrey Pines High School, San Diego, CA.
 P. H. Raven, G. B. Johnson, J. Losos, K. A. Mason and S. Singer, Biology, 8th ed., New York: McGraw Hill. "Bacterial Transformation." highered.mheducation.com/sites/9834092339/student_view0/chapter28/bacterial_transformation.html.