Invaders from the Computational Universe
The invaders look like old-fashioned video game life forms; they have their own unique identification numbers.[more]
Simple rules can be used to generate complex and diverse synthetic artifacts.[less]
J. Tarbell, "Invader Fractal" (Dec 11, 2007).
R. Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co., 1986.
G. W. Flake, The Computational Beauty of Nature: Computer Explorations of Fractals, Chaos, Complex Systems, and Adaptation, Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1998.