Invaders from the Computational Universe

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The invaders look like old-fashioned video game life forms; they have their own unique identification numbers.


Simple rules can be used to generate complex and diverse synthetic artifacts.


Contributed by: Daniel de Souza Carvalho (December 2007)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA




J. Tarbell, "Invader Fractal" (Dec 11, 2007).

R. Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co., 1986.

G. W. Flake, The Computational Beauty of Nature: Computer Explorations of Fractals, Chaos, Complex Systems, and Adaptation, Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1998.

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