The sequence of Fibonacci numbers is given by 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610, 987, …, in which each number is the sum of the two preceding numbers. This can be expressed as
Fibonacci (whose real name was Leonardo Pisano) found this sequence as the number of pairs of rabbits
months after a single pair begins breeding, assuming that each pair of rabbits produces a pair of offspring when it is two months old.
, the ratio of successive Fibonacci numbers
approaches the limit
, known as the "golden ratio". The ancient Greeks regarded
as the most aesthetically pleasing proportion for the sides of a rectangle. In this Demonstration the black rectangle has sides proportional to
. See how these approach the "golden rectangle" as you increase
Commercial interests are apparently aware of the appeal of the golden ratio. Credit cards, for which you probably have begun getting offers, have almost exactly this shape.