10182

# Families of Figure-Eight Curves

Take a pair of equal short and a pair of equal longer rods. Fix a rod with two nails (here the black points). Let both rods freely rotate around the nails. Hub both free ends together using the remaining fourth rod. Insert a pencil somewhere in this fourth rod (at the cyan point) that will draw the curve.
As the lengths of the rods and the location of the pencil vary, you get not only the whole Cassini family of curves (including Bernoulli's lemniscate) but also closed asymmetric curves.

### DETAILS

The linkage, an isosceles trapezoid (called an isosceles trapezium by the British), shows a very simple mechanism hidden behind curves with complicated Cartesian coordinates. A circular motion gives rise to a large family of curves when throttling the length of the rods.

### PERMANENT CITATION

 Share: Embed Interactive Demonstration New! Just copy and paste this snippet of JavaScript code into your website or blog to put the live Demonstration on your site. More details » Download Demonstration as CDF » Download Author Code »(preview ») Files require Wolfram CDF Player or Mathematica.

#### Related Topics

 RELATED RESOURCES
 The #1 tool for creating Demonstrations and anything technical. Explore anything with the first computational knowledge engine. The web's most extensive mathematics resource. An app for every course—right in the palm of your hand. Read our views on math,science, and technology. The format that makes Demonstrations (and any information) easy to share and interact with. Programs & resources for educators, schools & students. Join the initiative for modernizing math education. Walk through homework problems one step at a time, with hints to help along the way. Unlimited random practice problems and answers with built-in Step-by-step solutions. Practice online or make a printable study sheet. Knowledge-based programming for everyone.