# Particle Swarm Optimization Applied to the van de Vusse Mechanism

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Consider the following complex reaction scheme (called the van de Vusse mechanism), taking place in a continuous stirred-tank reactor (CSTR) with a residence time and rate constants , , :

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Contributed by: Housam Binous, Ahmed Bellagi, Ali Kh. Al-Matar, and Brian G. Higgins (November 2014)

Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA

## Snapshots

## Details

Particle swarm optimization (PSO) resulted from the pioneering work of Kennedy and Eberhart [1, 2]. PSO algorithms mimic the social behavior patterns of organisms that live and interact within large groups, such as swarms of bees.

References

[1] J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, "Particle Swarm Optimization," in *Proceedings of the 1995 International Conference on Neural Networks*, Vol. 4, New York: IEEE Press, 1995 pp. 1942–1948. doi:10.1109/ICNN.1995.488968.

[2] J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, *Swarm Intelligence,* San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2001.

## Permanent Citation

"Particle Swarm Optimization Applied to the van de Vusse Mechanism"

http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/ParticleSwarmOptimizationAppliedToTheVanDeVusseMechanism/

Wolfram Demonstrations Project

Published: November 24 2014