3. Normal and Tangent to a Cassini Oval
This Demonstration shows Steiner's construction of a tangent on a Cassini oval.[more]
A Cassini oval is the locus of points such that , where and . If the foci and , then
Let be the intersection of the perpendicular to at and the tangent and let be the intersection of the perpendicular to at and the tangent.
Steiner showed that is the midpoint of the segment .
To construct the tangent at , draw the line through perpendicular to and the line through perpendicular to . Then construct the segment with endpoints on and such that the point is the midpoint of .[less]
 A. Ostermann and G. Wanner, Geometry by Its History, New York: Springer, 2012.