External Ballistics of Rifle Bullets

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This Demonstration shows the trajectory of a rifle bullet determined as a function of bullet characteristics and settings of the telescopic sight of the rifle.


The equations describing the bullet trajectory are:

with initial conditions



is the initial rifle bore angle,


Contributed by: Clay Gruesbeck (August 2017)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA




[1] Wikipedia. "External Ballistics." (Jul 25, 2017) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/External_ballistics#Using _ballistics _data.

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