Excess Enthalpy and Heat Capacity for an Ethanol-Water Mixture

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Consider a binary mixture of ethanol and water. Expressions for the excess enthalpy (in J/mol) and heat capacity (in J/mol·K) have been determined for this binary liquid system for the temperature range 298.15 K to 383.15 K by fitting experimental data to an empirical equation [1].


This equation for the excess enthalpy is , where is the temperature and is the ethanol mole fraction. The excess heat capacity is given by . Finally, , where and , , and are appropriate constants tabulated in [1].

This Demonstration plots both excess properties versus ethanol mole fraction for user-selected values of temperature.


Contributed by: Housam Binous and Brian G. Higgins  (January 2012)
Open content licensed under CC BY-NC-SA




[1] J. A. Larkin, "Thermodynamic Properties of Aqueous Non-Electrolyte Mixtures I. Excess Enthalpy for Water + Ethanol at 298.15 to 383.15 K," Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 7(2), 1975 pp. 137–148. doi:10.1016/0021-9614(75)90261-X.

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